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Consultants at Danish Refugee Council (DRC) Tanzania

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💥 A study on Re-thinking the displacement financing architecture in the Great Lakes region at Danish Refugee Council October, 2022
Who is the Danish Refugee Council

in 1956, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a leading international
NGO and one of the few with a specific expertise in forced displacement.
Active in 40 countries with 9,000 employees and supported by 7,500
volunteers, DRC protects, advocates, and builds sustainable futures for
refugees and other displacement affected people and communities. DRC
works during displacement at all stages: In the acute crisis, in
displacement, when settling and integrating in a new place, or upon
DRC provides protection and
life-saving humanitarian assistance; supports displaced persons in
becoming self-reliant and included into hosting societies; and works
with civil society and responsible authorities to promote protection of
rights and peaceful coexistence.

the Great Lakes, DRC is present in four of the five countries of the
region. DRC Tanzania delivers integrated multi-sectoral assistance
combining CCCM, livelihood programming, individual and community-based
protection, general food distribution, as well environmental
preservation and regeneration. In Burundi, DRC supports returnees in
their reintegration efforts through the provision of protection-focused
services in transit centers and areas of return. DRC also implements
livelihoods, food security and climate resilience projects through
agroecological-based resilience design in ecologically degraded zones of
Burundi. In Uganda, DRC’s portfolio includes protection, cash-based
assistance, rural infrastructure and water resource management
programmes. DRC expanded cash-based assistance through the Uganda Cash
Consortium (see below), which supports people of concern to meet their
basic needs. Finally, DRC’s contribution to the development rural
infrastructure and water resource management continues to be undertaken
through the NURI programme funded by Danida. In the Democratic Republic
of Congo, DRC is present in Ituri, North Kivu and Haut Uélé,
implementing an integrated emergency response focusing on hard-to-reach
areas and set-up to respond to the CODECO and ADF crises while building
social cohesion.

Purpose of the consultancy
The search
for durable solutions to the protracted displacement situation in the
Great Lakes region is a key humanitarian and development concern. This
is a regional and cross-border issue, with a strong political dimension,
which demands a multi-sector response that goes beyond the humanitarian

Finding durable solutions to protracted displacement in
the region is essential for its stability, but also requires engagement
and coordination between humanitarian, development and peace-building
actors (Triple Nexus), as well as the private sector. As the needs
continue to grow, humanitarian financing must be completed by different
funding streams – including innovative financing – in order to response
to displacement challenges and needs at scale.

There has been
numerous research about how the current financing architecture is not
fit for purpose and the need for new approaches to address the growing
scale, duration and impact of displacement on countries and communities.
At the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit, donors and aid agencies signed
up to a package of reforms to improve the efficiency and effectiveness
of humanitarian financing launched through the Grand Bargain. Under the
Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) there continues to be related
on-going work under their different Results Group, notably Result 4
(Humanitarian Development Collaboration) and Result 5 (Humanitarian
Financing) to support further operationalising the nexus and its
linkages to improved financing.

The 2018 Global Compact on
Refugees (GCR) also underlined the importance of an internationally
agreed, stronger, more predictable, and more equitable response to new
and existing large refugee crises. At the heart of the GCR is the call
for increased ‘responsibility-sharing’ with the aim to ease pressure on
countries that welcome and host refugees. But as the Overseas
Development Institute (ODI) has noted “the exhortation of ‘easing the
pressure’ under the GCR largely comes down to a simple bargain between
refugee-hosting states and donor countries: ‘you host, we fund’”. And
yet the GCR does not contain a mechanism to ensure additional or more
predictable funding including for hosting governments.

As the
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) noted “…
the nature and quality of financing suits a pattern of displacement that
no longer exists, if it ever did. Displacement trends require
humanitarian, development and peace financing to work in complementary
ways”. However, humanitarian and often predominately fragmented
short-term project-based funding continues to dominate financing in
forced displacement situations – the OECD found that in Africa just 14%
of financing for refugee situations was development funding.
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is important to take stock, to review what exists, including the
different financing instruments used to track the flow of aid, and to
look at innovative yet feasible financing models outside of the
displacement sector. Innovative financing models recently explored
include Insurance and Insurance Linked Securities (ILS), Other
Securitised Instruments including (Impact) Bonds, Credit Instruments,
Debt Relief Instruments and Revolving Funds. In particular there are new
debates emerging on innovative health financing for refugees including
non-traditional applications of overseas development assistance, joint
public-private mechanisms and flows that fundraise by tapping new and
varied resources that deliver new financing solutions (blended finance).
There is also the potential to learn from some of the innovative
financing and risk-informed approaches to disaster risk financing in the
humanitarian sector.

In order to re-think the displacement
financing architecture and to be able to use different types of funding
instruments to respond to different types of needs and challenges, the
Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat for the Great Lakes (ReDSS Gl),
is seeking to commission an operational study on the displacement
financing architecture in the Great Lakes Region.


ReDSS Great Lakes is a coalition of 10 NGOs: ACTED, CARE international,
Concern Worldwide, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), International
Rescue Committee (IRC), Mercy Corps, the Norwegian Refugee Council
(NRC), Oxfam, Save the Children and World vision. The coalition is
committed to do more and better together in the search for durable
solutions. It is not an implementing agency but a coordination and
information hub.

ReDSS’ goal is to improve durable solutions
programming and policies that increase the potential for displacement
affected communities to integrate sustainability and to live safe,
dignified and productive lives in the Great Lakes region. It has four
pillars:Research, analysis and knowledge management: to increase the
availability, accessibility and utilization of relevant and timely
analysis on durable solutions;
Program support, capacity development:
to provide high quality support on program development and design;
collective monitoring and learning that adds value to collective
programming and durable solutions by ReDSS members and partners;
dialogue: to facilitate and undertake constructive and influential
policy dialogue with key national and regional policy actors and
processes in the Great Lakes region;
Internal and external
coordination: to act as an inclusive collaborative, coordinated hub for
quality information, analysis and learning on durable solutions.

The ReDSS Great Lakes is currently financed by the EU Trust Fund for Africa.
Objective of the consultancy
purpose of this consultancy is to conduct an operational study on the
displacement financing architecture in the Great Lakes region, with the
objectives to:Research and analyse current financing modalities that
exist within and outside the displacement sector (in the Great Lakes
region and globally);
Explore through a series of country specific
case studies (Burundi, DR Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda), what are
the current displacement financing modalities being used, in what
context/sector and what is the political economy analysis related to aid
financing between donors and the host country; and
Recommend for
each country appropriate financing modalities to address the specific
displacement related needs and operational context, being through
business cases for particular sectors or through developing new
partnerships and instruments.

ReDSS GL envisions that the country
level analyses, developed through multi-stakeholder consultative
processes, will be used by donors, national governments and humanitarian
and development partners to inform the use of different types of
displacement financing models and partnerships to respond to specific
displacement related vulnerabilities. It will also be a valuable tool,
for ReDSS GL to have evidence to engage further with practitioners,
donors and policy makers



Scope of work and Methodology
Phases of research/consultation

research and consultation process will focus on two main phases:Review
and analyse of different financing modalities for displacement contexts
During this first phase the consultant(s) will conduct an extensive desk
review and engage with key stakeholders to review, map and analyse
financing modalities for durable solutions for displacement-affected
communities. It will be useful to group and compare the different types
of financing to simplify the matrix. To ensure that the research can be
operationalised, the consultant(s) will focus on particular key
priorities such as access to services, financial inclusion, social
protection and safety nets, graduation model and affordable housing and
how they contribute/could contribute to strengthened protection,
self-reliance and social cohesion of Burundian displacement-affected
communities. This will consist of a thorough review of different
existing and potential financing modalities across humanitarian and
development approaches within and outside the forced displacement sector
and analyse their potential benefits and various constraints
(constraints to both their approach, applicability and benefits in
displacement contexts/for displacement-affected communities).

specific cases (Burundi, DRC, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda) and identify
innovative financing modalities Based on the first phase, specific
issues will be identified in each of the target countries (Burundi, DRC,
Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda) together with stakeholders and authorities
with the objective for the consultant(s) to develop specific country
case studies. Those case studies will contain a thorough review of
existing financing modalities and political economy analysis of aid
financing in the countries. The case studies will interrogate these
current financing modalities against overarching displacement (including
the GCR and GRF pledges) objectives and suggest specific context-based
financing models/modalities to be used for priority themes identified
(i.e. access to services, financial inclusion, social protection and
safety nets, graduation model and affordable housing).

methodology will be based on a participatory process including:Desk
review of secondary data, including recent reports on financing
modalities (humanitarian, development, displacement and other sectors)
and exploring innovative financing modalities for displacement contexts.
Informant Interviews (KIIs) with ReDSS GL staff (region and country
level), ReDSS GL members and partners, humanitarian and development
donors, ICGLR, UN agencies, MFIs, OECD, private sector actors, research
institutes and other identified stakeholders.
Country specific
research through a series of additional KIIs (including with national
and local authorities), stakeholder questionnaires, workshops
(virtual/in person where feasible)

The Consultant will submit the following deliverables as mentioned in the TOR

Duration, timeline, and payment
total expected duration to complete the assignment will be no more than
60 consultancy days within a span of no more than 4 months. Starting
date will be jointly discussed with the selected consultant(s). The
consultant(s) will report to the ReDSS Great Lakes Coordinator and be
guided by a Technical Advisory Committee, made up of ReDSS members and
key external stakeholders at regional and country level.

The consultant shall be prepared to complete the assignment no later than mid-March 2023.
will make an initial payment of 30% of the professional fees costs upon
signing of the contract and the remaining amount upon completion of the
work including any agreed reimbursibles.

Proposed Composition of Team

  • Project Director
  • Project Manager
  • Quality control
  • National consultants
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Eligibility, qualification, and experience required
Essential qualifications of the consultants:

  • Master degree in international relations, development, political science and/or economics
  • Minimum 10 years proven experience in conducting similar assignments
  • Demonstrable experience related to forced migration, durable solutions and humanitarian/development financing
  • Strong
    knowledge of the region and the socio-economic and political dynamics
    affecting it; more specifically on displacement trends and financing
    within the Great Lakes region
  • Strong analytical and writing
    skills with proven experience in producing high quality research with
    ability to present complex information in a simple and accessible manner
  • Fluency in written and spoken English
  • Fluency in French

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Technical supervision
selected consultant/s will work under the supervision of Great Lakes
Manager Thibault Van Damme with technical support and guidance from
ReDSS members and partners.

Location and support
The study will cover the Great Lakes region. The Consultant will provide her/his own computer and mobile telephone.

is a possibility for travel during the delivery of this work to
facilitate workshops and meetings. The travel will be approved and
facilitated by DRC according to the DRC laid down procedures working
with the various country units as required.

bid shall pass the administrative evaluation stage before being
considered for technical and financial evaluation. Bids that are deemed
administratively non-compliant may be rejected. Documents listed below
shall be submitted with your bid.

How to apply
Interested Firms/Individuals that meet requirements should send their proposal and other required documents to email address on or before 14th November 2022 12 O’clock EAT.

Please indicate “Re-thinking the displacement financing architecture – “RFP No. RO01-001951” in the subject line of your email application
Do find complete bidding document in the following link


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